♦Living in Finland – Finlandising!♦

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So now you live here, but apart from ordering a sausage and a beer you’re finding the language a little tricky! Or perhaps you have a predilection for driving on the wrong side of the road? It’s time to get Finlandised!

By the 1980s, Finland enjoyed one of the highest living standards in the world

Student Apartments

Approximately one third of all Finnish students live in student apartments. Housing costs are reasonable, and applying for an apartment is simple. Student apartments are always near of schools and colleges, or easily reached by public transport.

There are student housing organisations in 21 localities; in some localities exchange students have specific quotas for alotted housing, and in other localities exchange students take precedence over available apartments.

Types of Student Housing

Student housing is available in several forms:

  • Shared apartment: A good choice for single students, usually shared

    HOAS student housing in Helsinki, Finland. Architectural design by Playa architects.

    by 2-4 students. Each tenant has his/her own lockable room, and the kitchen and bathroom are shared. Some have a shared living room. Basic furniture, such as a bed and desk in the tenants´ rooms, is usually included. Kitchens are usually furnished with basic appliances.

  • Studio apartment: Also good for single students, but more expensive and not always easy to obtain. The number of studio apartments is limited, so you may have to queue.
  • Group apartment: If you want to live with a group of your friends, you can rent an entire apartment together. In addition to individual bedrooms and the kitchen, most group apartments have a shared living room.
  • Family apartment: Family apartments usually have 2-3 rooms and a kitchen or kitchenette. These apartments are intended for couples and families with children, and are usually located near services such as playgrounds and kindergartens.

Student apartments generally have shared facilities such as saunas, laundry rooms with washing machines and tumble dryers, club rooms etcetera.

Healthcare & Services in Finland

Public healthcare is available to all residents in Finland, regardless of their financial situation.

Here, we have a really interesting url with questionnaires about Finland linving conditions:

http://youth-partnership-eu.coe.int/youth-partnership/documents/Questionnaires/Conditions/Finland.pdf*****

Resources:

http://www.expat-finland.com/moving_to_finland/index.html
http://www.photius.com/countries/finland/society/finland_society_living_conditions.html

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Architecture and art

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Architecture

The most important of ancient Finnish architecture are medieval churches and castles gray stone and wooden churches of the eighteenth century.

Finnish architects

Eliel Saarinen

(National Museum of Finland)

(National Museum of Finland)

(Helsinki Station)

Carl Ludvig Engel

(Helsinki Cathedral)

J. S. Sirén

(Parliament House)

Art

Albert Edelfelt

(Portrait)

(The White Queen)

(Virginie)

(At the Piano)

Akseli Gallen-Kallela

(The Forging of the Sampo)

Amélie Helga Lundahl

Totte Mannes

(Aurora Borealis)

(Revelation)

Kaj Stenvall

“A very familiar looking duck”

http://www.kajstenvall.com

References:

http://www.escapadaseuropa.com/2008/07/24/arte-y-cultura-de-finlandia/

http://www.aragonesesviajes.com/europa/finlandia/arte-y-cultura.asp

Finland is a country of heavy rock.

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Music is a popular hobby in Finland. Almost each Finn at this or that stage of his life plays a musical instrument or sings in chorus.

Such popularity of heavy music speaks both for propensity of Finns to melancholy, that could be produce as the result of the long, cold and dark winter.

POP MUSIC,

FATE AND

HEAVY ROCK

The Finnish light music became known abroad from the beginning of 2000ths, when such groups as Rasmus (The Rasmus), HIM and Nightwish have become successful on the concert tours.
Despite it, the victory of Finland on the Eurovision in 2006 has appeared for all the big surprise because of the group Lordi. Other known Finnish groups are group of heavy rock Children of Bodom and ensemble of violoncellists Apocalyptica which members have finished the most prestigious the higher musical educational institution in the country – Academy Sibeliusa.

Lordi

Nightwish

 

 SOME SPECIALLY SINGULAR GROUPS:

CHORUS OF SHOUTERS:

The man’s «Chorus of Shouters» from northern city of Oulu consists of about 30 members who, according to the name, don’t sing, namely popular songs but shout. The chorus often acts at various festivals: shouting guys in suits at ties represent an exotic show in any corner of the world.

Chorus of Shouters

 ELÄKELÄISET (PENSIONERS):


The group in style “hummpa” Eläkeläiset is a live, prompt chaos on the scene. Its members representing grandfathers-pensioners, sing not about sex, drugs and a rock’n’roll,but about vodka and bingo. Show onthe scene is in many respects reduced to drinking of beer and using some unpleasant words publicly. Group “Pensioners” is rather popular in Germany – probably,  it makes sense to ask its German fans the reasons for that popularity.

Eläkeläiset (Pensioners)

Finally, Finland has classical music too:

"Janne" Sibelius as a young secondary school student

siberius was a finland compositor of Symphony Orchestra and poetry that show a romantic concept of nacionalistic music. He was the main finland compositor and one of the symphony authors more importants of XX century. His music shows a romantic concept of nacionalistic music inspired by the nature and finland leyends. 

TRADITIONAL INSTRUMENT FROM FINLAND:

KANTELE

References:

http://www.gofinland.org/about-music-in-finland/

http://www.musicfinland.com/

http://www.sibelius.fi/english/

 http://www.kantele.com/about.html

Finland’s Religion

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Nowadays, Finland has one big religion that surrounds the whole conutry: Lutheranism.

Lutheranism:

This religion was founded by Martin Luther because he noticed that the roman church erased almost all the characteristic of a religion. The clergy had no preparation to indoctrinate their followers and they didn’t even care. Their biggest preocupation was to earn money and even popes’ objective was to obtain as most money as posible. This fact was te top of the iceberg and stimulate himto change. As I said lutheranism was created in response of the bad quality of church and it consisted on a closer contact to god and the reading of the bible. People’s soul was saved only by their faith and not by their acts.  The sacraments were reduced to two , baptism and eucharist. They did’nt accept a pope and the pope could get married. Due to the enormous inluences of the conquerors most of the population has grown up in this religion’s environment so most of the population (about 90%) is lutheran.

The other 10% is divided into Greek Orthodox church and other non clasified religions. This clasification is due to the ethnic groups that we can find there: 93% Finn, 6% Swede, Lapp 0.11%, Gypsy 0.12 and tatar 0.02.

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http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=two” /]

Politics “In Essence”

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In essence, the name of the game during the last two decades has been Finland maximising its international influence
 
 

Political System

Finland is a parliamentary republic with a multiparty political system. Finland is a typical Nordic welfare state. The supreme executive power is vested in the President who is elected for a semester of six years. The last Presidential election was held in January 2006. The present President is Mrs. Tarja Halonen. The legislative power is vested in a 200-member, unicameral parliament. Members of parliament are elected every four years by a system of proportional representation.

Minister of the Interior Päivi Räsänen (Christian Democrats) (left), Minister of Defence Stefan Wallin, (Swedish People's Party), Minister of Finance Jutta Urpilainen (Social Democrats), Prime Minister Jyrki Katainen (National Coalition Party), Minister of Culture and Sport Paavo Arhinmäki (Left Alliance) and Minister of the Environment Ville Niinistö (Green League).

Finland has always possessed a fascinating and unique foreign policy because of its proximity to Russia. More recently, the Finns have emphasised an active profile in the EU and in global challenges.

Now, the Elections are focus on eurozone crisis.The hottest topic in the pre-election debates in Finland has been the bailouts provided to rescue the mismanaged economies of Greece, Ireland and Portugal.

The party leaders raise their voices and jab their fingers as they try to explain to the voters the support packages offered to the indebted euro countries, and why and how Finland should or shouldn’t get involved in the related complex systems of guarantees. This situation is exceptional. Finland has been a member of the European Union since 1995, but this is the first time EU issues have dominated their national parliamentary elections.

Who would have guessed that what this man said could have an effect on Finnish parliamentary election debates? Prime Minister José Sócrates of Portugal talks economics.

EU supporters celebrate on October 16, 1994 in Helsinki after Finland voted yes to EU membership in a referendum.

Finnish way of life

Like any country, Finland has a set of priorities that it seeks to promote – you can call them national interests if you like. The obvious priority is the protection of national security, or what could more pompously be called “the preservation of the Finnish way of life”. Yes, there is indeed such a way of life, and it includes much more than visiting the sauna twice a week. In essence, it means safeguarding the republic and its political institutions.

But in the 21st century security is, more and more, framed in terms of individuals, and Finnish foreign policy is no exception. So it’s increasingly concerned with the wellbeing and safety of Finnish citizens, or human security. This emphasis was highlighted in the aftermath of the tragic tsunami in Southeast Asia in December 2004, when some Finns were angry with their government for not protecting and helping the survivors better in their distress on the other side of the globe.

We should bear in mind that Finland is a small country. With a population of 5.3 million it is not exactly a major powerhouse in the global games of brinkmanship. Finland is clearly constrained in its ability to effect change on the wider political and normative structures in the world.

References:

http://finland.fi/Public/default.aspx?contentid=218048&nodeid=41805&culture=en-US

http://www.uwasa.fi/english/studies/degree-and-postgraduate-students/facts-about-finland-and-vaasa/political-system/

Languages

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Finland has two official languages that are Finnish, Swedish.

Welcome!

Welcome!

•Finnish is the first language spoken by

The Roman alphabet is the alphabet used for many modern-day languages. It came from the Greek alphabet.

93% of the country’s inhabitants. It is also spoken in Russia, Sweden and Norway.
The language was first written in the 16th century.The written language uses the Roman alphabet, with the addition of ä, ö and y. The consonants b, c, z and x are only used in loan words*.

Welcome!

•Swedish is spoken by around 6% of the population, most of whom live in the south west and are also speakers of Finnish. It is also the official language of Sweden.

The written language uses the Roman alphabet plus å, ä, ö. Earlier versions of the alphabet included the letters þ, æ, ø.

The earliest examples of Swedish writing are inscriptions on stones from the 9th century.

•Sámi is a minority language in the Nordic countries that is spoken by people living in the north of Finland, which is around the 0.03% of the Finnish population.

 

*Loan word: it is a word borrowed from one language and incorporated into another.

References:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/european_languages/languages/swedish.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/european_languages/languages/swedish.shtmlhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/european_languages/languages/finnish.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/european_languages/countries/finland.shtml

Climate

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◊Winter:

It starts in October, the mean temperature remains below 0°C. Winter is the longest season in Finland, lasting for about 100 days in southwestern Finland and 200 days in Lapland.

North of the Arctic Circle, part of winter is the period known as the “polar night”, when the sun does not rise above the horizon at all. In the northernmost corner of Finland, the polar night lasts for 51 days. In southern Finland, the shortest day is about 6 hours long.

Permanent snow covers open grounds about two weeks after winter begins, with an average of 60 to 90 cm.
The lakes freeze and, in severe winters, the Baltic Sea may ice over almost completely.

The coldest temperatures in winter are from -45°C to -50°C in Lapland and eastern Finland; from -35°C to -45°C elsewhere; and -25°C to -35°C over islands and coastal regions.

We will have people living in the night during three months.

 

◊Spring:

This season begins in early April,but its interesting to know that spring begins a month earlier in the south than in the north. The daily temperature rises from 0°C to 10°C.

Its duration ranges from 45 to 65 days. In the forest snow melts about two weeks later than in open areas.

May in Finland - Spring had not quite arrived!

◊Summer:

Summer usually begins in late May with the difference that in Lapland starts about one month later and ends a month earlier than the south coast. The mean daily temperature is consistently above 10°C.

The regions north of the Arctic Circle are characterized by “polar days”, when the sun does not set at all. They have 73 such days every year.

Even in southern Finland, the longest day (around Midsummer) is nearly 19 hours long. with the highest summer temperatures between 32°C and 35°C

“The Land of a Thousand Lakes” in fact has almost sixty thousand lakes of more than a hectare.

◊Autumn:

It begins around the last week of August. In autumn the daily mean temperature remains below 10°C.  The average length of the gthis season is 180 days.

There is a website that shows us the weather:  http://www.visitfinland.com/en/web/guest/finland-guide/travel-facts/weather/weather-forecast

References:

http://en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi/seasons-in-finland

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