Two of the best Finnish literature authors:

Johan Ludvig Runeberg

National Finnish poet, he had a high influence in Finnish literature. He was the first writer who was known in all Europe.

Dikter (1831) was his first collection of poems in which he reflected his love for the Finnish landscape and its inhabitants.

His life:

He graduated in 1827 and in 1831 he married Fredrika Charlotta and they had eight children. Runeberg worked as a teacher at the private school in Helsingfors. He founded the   diary Borga Tidning and worked as his publisher. His liberal opinions provoked one of the most important debates on the religion of this one period. During a trip he suffered paralysis and he could not write over (durante) the past 13 years of his life.

He died 6 May of 1877 in Borga, and this day was official mourning (luto).

Here we can hear Runeberg’s poems: http://www.runeberg.net/

Aleksis Kivi

One of the most famous Finnish national writer, playwright (dramaturgo), poet, novelist was Aleksis Kivi; he was the first professional writer publishing his works in Finnish whose major work was SEITSEMÄN VELJESTÄ (1870, Seven Brothers). He died in poverty(pobreza) at the age of thirty-eight.

Fragment of  Seven Brothers:

EERO: How many stars in Charley’s Wain, how many sons at Jukola? 
JUHANI: We are seven. Seven holes therefore and seven sons. Well, all the worse. Seven holes! Always worse and worse. See how men and hard fate are joined together against us. Seven holes like millstone-eyes! 

(in Seven Brothers, 1870)

hard fate: duro destino

millstone-eyes: ojos de piedra de molino

This novel is for the one that more is recognized, it describes the adventurous life of  seven brothers in Finnish forests; until one bye one they accept their responsibilities and go to live in a town of conventional life. First they criticized his novel because it looks like very ordinary. This critiques did that the author had a feeling rejection (sentimiento de rechazo) and caused a mental imbalance that ended his life. He died 31 december of 1872, he has been recognized as one of the founders of the theatre and the novel Finns.

His life:

In 1846, at the age of twelve, Kivi left for school in Helsinki, where he found lodgings at the home of a prison warder.

Kivi spoke Swedish distinctly more than Finnish during his lifetime, and because of it the majority of his works are written in Swedish.

At university Kivi studied sporadically. He was more interested in writing and intended to become a celebrated poet like Runeberg. When he was child he read all tipe of books, not only school books, his great interest for the reading spread (se extendió) beyond the school and university readings including the universal literature. He read  “The World History of Held and of Corvin”, books on the chemical analysis, newspapers, Stangnelius’s poems and dramas of  Shakespeare, which exercise on him a great influence.

Image
The Birthplace of Aleksis Kivi.

Here we can find a little fragment of Seven Brothers in Spanish: http://www.epdlp.com/texto.php?id2=2347

Bibliography:

http://www.aleksiskivi-kansalliskirjailija.fi/lang/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23&Itemid=41

http://kirjasto.sci.fi/akivi.htm

http://www.epdlp.com/escritor.php?id=2243

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