Geography and Demography

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GEOGRAPHY

The finnish landscape is mainly flat with only some small hills. It’s biggest point is Haltintuturi(1328 m) and it’s located at the north of Lapland*. On one hand,its main beauty is due to the enormous quantity of lakes. Nowadays it has over 190.000 lakes and about 98000 islands.These islands are found at the archipelago of Turku* and the Finnish Bay.

On the other hand is due to huge surface covered by forests. We can find
lots of diferent kinds of birches*, pinecones, conifers and spruces*.
The climate has oscilations between warm and cold and this is due to the geographical situation of it. One fourth of the land is in the polar artic circle and the y have warm summers and very cold winters.
It’s wildlife is compund by animals already adapted to its climate. We can find
artic foxes, reindeers*, elks* and swans*.

POPULATION

Finland has about 5.300.000 inhabitants. Most of the population is old due to the low growth of the population.
The natality is very low about 10% and mortality tax is very very low about 3.5% because as we know that they have almost a full sanitarian coberture. With all of this characteristics, life expentancy is of about 79 years.

The spacial distribution of the population is unequal. Most of them live in coastal flatness and they all live at the south half. The north half has low demographic density less than 2 inhabitans per km2; at the southwest most of the population is concentrated, mainly in their capital with more than 30 inhabitants per km2.


* Lapland: is the largest and northernmost of the regions of Finland

* Archipelago of Turku: part of the Baltic Sea outside the Finnish city of Turku

* Birch: Abedul

* Spruce: Abeto

* Reindeer: Reno

* Swan: Cisne

*Elks: Alce

References:

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finlandia#Geograf.C3.ADa

http://geografia.laguia2000.com/geografia-de-la-poblacion/finlandia-poblacion

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A little history about Finland

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The first inhabitants of Finland were the Sami (Lapp) people.

-1000 B.C: Finnish speakers migrated to Finland, the Sami were forced to move northward to the arctic regions.

1157: The Finns’ repeated raids on the Scandinavian coast impelled Eric IX, the Swedish king, to conquer the country. It was made a part of the Swedish kingdom and converted to Christianity.

1809: the whole of Finland was conquered by Russia, who set up Finland as a grand duchy.

1809-1914: The period of Russification. Russian was the country’s official language and Rusia had the political power.

1917:Russia became engulfed by the March Revolution.

6 December, 1917: Indepencende of Finland.

28 January 1918: the Civil War flared in two separate locations. Reds (working class, aspired to a Russian-style socialist revolution) Vs. Whites ( The nacionalists dreamed of monarchy and sought to emulate Germany). 108 days of heavy fighting, 30,000 Finns were killed. The whites won the war.

1939: The USSR attacked Finland after Finland refused to give in to Soviet territorial demands. The Finns staged a strong defense for three months before being forced to cede to the Soviets kilometers. 

1941: Under German pressure, the Finns joined the Nazis against Russia, but they were defeated again and forced to cede the Petsamo area to the USSR. 

1948: a treaty of friendship and mutual assistance was signed by the two nations. 

Finally, Finland was neutral in the cold-war era.

References:

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/finland/history#253725

Welcome to Finland

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Finland

Year of EU entry: 1995

Political system: Republic

Capital city: Helsinki

Total area: 338 000 km²

Population: 5.3 million

Currency: euro

The official EU languages:  Finnish, Swedish

Finland has snowy winters, pleasantly warm summers and colorful spring and autumn. Finns* are considered to be a bit quiet and reserved. But they are actually warm, friendly, hospitable and especially honest people.

It is a country of forests, with lakes in between and a few small farms and small towns.

They are very famous the endless days of summer, the White Nights, during which the sun does not set, last for around 10 weeks of the summer. The endless nights of winter are very famous too, when the sun never rises above the horizon during nearly eight weeks.

*Finns: Natives from Finland

References:

http://www.visitfinland.com/en_GB/web/guest/finland-guide/about-finland/overview
http://europa.eu/about-eu/countries/member-countries/finland/index_es.htm